TSPSC AEO (Agriculture Extension Officer) Syllabus

TSPSC AEO (Agriculture Extension Officer) Syllabus

PAPER-I: GENERAL STUDIES AND GENERAL ABILITIES 

1. Current Affairs • Regional, National and International

2. International Relations and Events.

3. General Science; India’s achievements in Science and Technology

4. Environmental issues and Disaster Management

5. Economy of India and Telangana

6. Geography of India with a focus on Telangana

7. Indian Constitution and Polity with a focus on local self Government

8. Society, Culture, Heritage, Arts and Literature of Telangana

9. Policies of Telangana State

10. History of Modem India with a focus on Indian National Movement

11. History of Telangana with special emphasis on Movement for Telangana Statehood

12. Logical Reasoning, Analytical Ability and Data Interpretation

13. Basic English.

PAPER-D AGRICULTURE (Diploma Level) 

1.  Agronomy

Agriculture terminology; National and  International institutions; Research  stations in  state universities- Agro  climatic zones of Telangana state - characterization.  Research  priorities. Agrocl imatic zones of Telangana State; weather,  agricultural meteorology,  study  of weather parameters - Sunlight,  Temperature,  Pressure,  Transpiration,  snowfall,  Rainfall- types; rainfall measuring  instruments; effect of rainfall on  crops; Tillage - effect on  soil properties - Factors affecting good tilth; puddling, Sowing methods; Crop stand establishment; Plant geometry - Effect of Plant population  on  growth  & yield; Soil fertility  and  soil productivity; Soil fertility management; cultivation  methods,  Nutrient requirement.  Organic & Chemical fertilizers- uses; Weeds - losses due to  weeds; important aspects of weed  control,  use of herbicides in  major agricultural crops,  Integrated  weed  management; Irrigation  water management,  crop  water requirement,  methods of irrigation,  Modern  methods of water management - advantages and disadvantages; Drainage; Harvest maturity  symptoms; harvest and  post-Harvest measures; Rainfed  agriculture- improved  agronomic practices.  Water harvesting,  contingency  crop  plan; Watershed; Cropping  systems; crop  rotation; Integrated  farming  systems; Sustainable agriculture; Organic farming- certification.

2. Crop production and improved management practices

Food  grain  crops; commercials crops.  Pulses and  Oil seed  crops.  Fodder crops.  Spices and condiments in  Telangana and  in  India Importance,  acreage,  production,  productivity,  improved varieties and hybrids developed, suitable soils, climatic conditions, seed rate, seed dormancy, seed treatment,  spacing,  inter cultivation,  seed  rate,  weed  control,  water management,  integrated nutrient management, improved management practices, harvesting, and post harvest measures.

3. Soil Science

Soil chemical and  physical properties; Carbon: Nitrogen  ratio  and  its importance,  soil pH,  soil organic matter; importance of microorganisms,  soil ionic exchange,  problematic soils,  different types of soils in  Telangana slate; important nutrients requirement of crop  plants; essentiality  - forms of nutrient availability,  nutrient deficiencies,  corrective measures; causes for loss of soil fertility  management; soil - environmental pollution  - control,  classification  of organic and chemical fertilizers,  composting,  vermicompost; biogas plant,  green  manures,  green  manure crops, concentrated  organic manures; mixed  fertilizers- fertilizer use efficiency,  bio  fertilizers,  integrated nutrient management, soil testing methods; global warming - causes, secondary nutrients; complex fertilisers; chelated micronutrients; fertilizer control act.

4. Plant Breeding, Seed Technology, Seed testing

Parts of flower,  methods of reproductions in  plants,  male sterility,  vegetative propagation.  Plant breeding  - selection,  hybridization,  mutation  breeding,  polyploidy  breeding: methods of breeding for varietal and  hybrid  development,  varietal description.  DNA test; importance of seed; seed characters,  classes of seed,  principles of seed  production,  management practices in  seed production, isolation distance; difference between varietal and hybrid seed production; tips in seed production of different crops, seed certification, seed processing; cleaning and grading equipment, seed treatment, seed testing, seed viability, seed vigour, seed dormancy, seed health, seed packing, seed  varietal protection,  seed  pellets,  biotechnology  in  seed  development.  Intellectual Property Rights,  crop  varietal release- trials,  release procedure and  release.  Seed  production  of field  and vegetable crops,  seed  regulations in  India,  historical development,  nation  and  international institutions in seed quality control, seed acts and regulations; seed production in fruits and flower crops; seed  sampling,  physical purity  tests,  seed  moisture tests,  genetic purity  tests; seed processing - importance and methods; seed storage.

5.  Crop pests and their management

Introduction  to  Entomology.  Taxonomy  and  Characters of class Insecta,  Insect Segmentation, agriculturally important insect Orders, Insect mouthparts and types. Symptoms of Damage caused by various insects. Integrated Pest Management Importance. Predators and Parasitoids. Botanicals, chemical insect control.  Insecticides - Classification.  Compatibility  and  Formulations; Nematicides.  Rodenticides etc.  Sericulture,  Apiculture and  Lac culture.  Pests of Agricultural and Horticultural crops - Scientific names - nature of Damage and Management, Stored grain Pests - Management, Non insect Pest Management (Rodents, Birds and Nematodes).

6. Plant diseases and their control

Introduction  to  Plant pathology- casual organisms,  terminology  concepts,  classification  or diseases,  etiology,  disease spread,  pathogens,  predisposing  factors of diseases,  disease management methods use of fungicides,  classification  of fungicides,  common  fungicides- mode of action; diagnosis of field  diseases,  important methods of diseases management,  control of diseases,  nematodes and  plant parasites- their management; diseases of important field  and horticultural crops and their management.

7. Horticulture and forestry’

Vegetable Crops and their cultivation details; important fruit crops, medicinal, aromatic crops and flower crops of Telangana state- propagation,  nursery  management,  pruning,  green  houses, principles of fruits and  vegetable storage; value addition  of fruits and  vegetable products; Agro forestry  - importance,  national forest polices and  forest acts; afforestation,  management of forest nurseries,  important forest plants- uses,  their management; Social forestry,  wind  break  trees, timber and non limber forest products - their characters.

8. Agricultural Economics

Agriculture finance - definition,  Scope and  importance; Regional Rural Banks; NABARD; Self Help  Groups; Lead  Bank  Scheme; Kisan  Credit Card; Crop  Insurance,  preparation  and  uses or balance sheet, theory of production - law of variable proportions; laws of returns, returns to scale; economies of scale; study  of costs and  returns; farm business organizations- aims and  main objectives,  farm management-aims; types of fanning,  farm planning  -types,  uses,  cooperation­ principles; farmers’ cooperative societies -types; co-operative movement in  India -history: fanner cooperative societies and  Agriculture cooperative societies -types and  uses; agricultural credit policy-main features: different types of agricultural credit; cooperative banks, RBI, problems faced by  farmers in  accessing  credit; agricultural marketing- types of Agriculture markets,  market efficiency; problems of agricultural marketing-overcoming  measures; price determination; seed industry-importance; seed price policies; market price and normal price.

9. Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

Education-    Forma!    and    informal    education-differences;    Extension    education-    scope    and importance; Extension Teaching melhods-uses and limitations; Agriculture information publicaiions-types limitations,  uses; Instructional aides; Extension  programme planning  stages; principles of programme planning.  Evaluation  - types and  importance; Rural sociology­ importance; characteristics of Indian Rural Society; differences between rural and urban societies; Rural development objectives and constraints. Participatory Rural Appraisal- important characters, Principles, methods. Leadership- qualities. Classification; selection and training of leader; Pre and Post-Independence developmental programmes; society  development guidelines; democracy  and decentralization  - Panchayal Raj System; importance.  Three Tier system of Panchayat Raj­ functions; Mandal system in  Telangana - organizational characters; Extension  reforms- Importance of ATMA.

10. Agricultural Energy Sources, Machinery-

Energy  resources in  Agriculture; farm engines their parts,  differences; Characteristics of Fuels, Tractors-types; Tractor Management; Power Tiller- Working  Mechanism,  Ploughing  Implements; Bund  Formers,  Traditional Sowing  Equipment,  Types of Sprayers-Dusters,  Weeding  Implements; Crop  Harvesters,  Threshers- their management; Winnowing- methods; post harvest equipments, grain drying methods; grain storage structures- types, uses; food grain storage.

11. Land surveying, water engineering and Green House Technology

Surveying- types,  errors; methods of Irrigation  water measurement; Drip  and  Sprinkler irrigation systems- importance; types of pumps- repairs; Greenhouses- importance,  types,  material for construction; Environmental conditions in green houses- their control; shade nets- their uses.

PAPER-I1 Agriculture Engineering (Diploma Level)

UNIT I: SURVEYING AND LEVELLING

Surveying: Concept and  purpose,  linear and  angular measurements- Fundamental principles of surveying- Classification  of survey  and  purpose of field  work.  Chain  Survey: Purpose and principle, equipment used - Errors - Ranging types - Recording field notes - Obstacles in chaining

- Calculation  of area of irregular field.  Compass surveying: Purpose and  principle,  working  and uses - Concept of true and  magnetic meridians - Types of bearings - Conversion  of bearings. Declination - conversion of magnetic and true bearings.

Leveling:  Operation,  terms  and  Components  -Temporary  adjustments  -  methods  to  find  Reduced 

level  -  Classification  of  Levelling  -  Contour  map:  Uses  and  Characteristics.  Theodolite  survey:

Introduction,  classification.  Basic definitions,  Reading  of vernier scales.  Trigonometric leveling: Reading of vertical angles, Measurement of vertical angle, Index error. Importance of reading with both  faces - Tacheometric surveying: Introduction,  purpose,  instruments used,  different tacheometric constants - Curves: classification,  degree and  radians of the curves,  elements of curves Global Position System (GPS).

UNIT 2: HYDROLOGY AND SOIL & WATER CONSERVATION ENGINEERING

Hydrology: Application,  hydrologic cycle.  Forms of precipitation  and  its measurement - Probability analysis of rainfall - Average depth of rainfall over an area. Soil erosion by water and wind: Types, ill effects. Erosion control measures: Design and construction of contour and graded bunds,  grassed  waterways,  Bench  terraces.  Contour trenches and  contour stone walls - Runoff estimation  methods - Velocity  of water in  open  channels.  Hydrographs - Unit hydrograph.  - Estimation of soil loss, Universal soil loss equation - Design of drop spillways - Water harvesting

- Land capability classification.

Watershed: Definition,  identification,  delineation  and  physiographic characteristics - Management of agricultural watersheds - Integrating  soil and  water conservation  measures into  watershed development - Participatory watershed development capacity building - Monitoring and evaluation of watershed projects in Telangana State.

UNIT 3: IRRIGATION AND DRINAGE

Irrigation: Necessity and development in India - Present status of water sources - Surface irrigation methods in  Telangana State - Sprinkler and  Drip  irrigation  systems: Types,  advantages and disadvantages,  adoptability.  Hydraulics.  Planning  and  design  Installation,  Operation  and Maintenance and Troubles and remedies - Fertigation equipment- Types of Emitters, Emitter flow Equation - Distribution Uniformity and irrigation Efficiency - Field evaluation of the system - Cost estimation of drip irrigation system for row and orchards.

Drainage:  Objectives,  Causes  and  effects,  Control  of  water  logging.  Interrelationship  of  irrigation and drainage. Surface drainage system: Factors effecting surface drainage and drainage coefficient,different types and their design. Sub surface drainage system: types of drainage systems and their design.

Fluid: Classification,  Properties,  Dimensions,  Fluid  pressure Measurement - Piezometer tube - Types of manometers.  Mechanical gauges-Kinematics of fluid  flow- Dynamics of fluid  flow - Bernoulli's theorem- Euler's equation of motion - Venturimeter- Pitot tube - Orifice meter - Flow through orifices (Measurement of Discharge) - Flow through mouth pieces, simple pipes and open channels - Flow over Notches and  weirs.  Pump  sets: Components,  working,  repairs and maintenance of Centrifugal, Turbine and Submersible pump sets.

UNIT IV; RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES

Farm power: Different sources - Advantages and  disadvantages - Types and  need  renewable sources of energy.  Solar energy: Solar energy collection, Types of collectors, Methods of storing solar energy,  water heater,  power generation,  refrigeration  system,  space cooling  and  healing. Solar still, cooker. Solar water pumping system, lantern, street light and fencing. Solar dryer. Wind energy: Classification,  Wind  mill for water pumping  (wind  pump) and  electric power generation (wind turbine) - Horizontal and Vertical axis wind mills.

Solid waste management: Sources and different types of waste - Recovery of energy from MSW- Recycling process - Advantages and disadvantages of recycling of a product. Bio energy - Biomass Classification, Importance and characteristics - Pyrolysis and gasification - Types and construction and  working  of briquetting  machines - Shredding  machines -Types of gasifiers and  their construction  and  working  of principle - Principle of biogas production  - Phases of anaerobic digestion  - Advantages,  disadvantages and  uses - Classification  of biogas plants - Construction and  maintenance of KVIC and  Janatha type biogas plants - Bio  fuels - Biodiesel production processes from Jatropha and Pongamia - Ethanol production from sugarcane and corn.

UNIT V: WORKSHOP TECHNOLOGY

Workshop  technology:  Introduction,  Basic  workshop  process,  Carpentry,  Bench  work  and  fitting 

- Smithy and forging - Sheet metal - Mechanical working of metals - Carpentry - Planning tools - Carpentry process - Fitting - Cutting tools - Drill bits - Gauges - Hammers - Sheet metal operations.

Foundry: Introduction.  Advantages and  disadvantages - Process of producing  castings - Hand moulding  tools,  classification  of moulding  sand  - Properties of moulding  sand  - Moulding procedure - Defects in castings - Safety precautions in foundry' shop- Work bolding devices - Types of drills - Description and functions of lathe parts - Specification of power hack saw - Methods of sawing  -Functions of lathe - types of lathes Production  lathes - Automatic and  semi-automatic lathes - Shaping machine.

Internal Combustion Engines: Working cycle of 4-stroke(4-5) diesel and petrol engines - Working cycle of 2-stroke (2-5) Petrol Engine-Comparison  between  4-5  and  2- S Engines - Distinguish diesel and  petrol Engines - Different systems of IC engines (Fuel Supply.  Ignition,  Cooling Lubrication systems.)

UNIT VI: AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS AND MACHINERY

Animal and  Tractor drawn  primary  and  secondary  tillage implements: Functions,  Components, Working,  Adjustments and  Repair & Maintenance - Land  development implements: Types,  Uses and  Working  - Animal and  Tractor drawn  seed  cum fertilizer drills: Functions,  Components, Working,  Adjustments and  Repair & Maintenance Transplanting  machinery: Functions, Components, Working, Adjustments and Repair & Maintenance.

Combine harvester: Functions,  Components,  Working,  Adjustments and  Repair & Maintenance - Harvesting  machinery  for com.  sugar cane,  cotton  and  root crops: Functions,  Components, Working.  Adjustments and  Repair & Maintenance - Fruit harvesters: Functions,  Components, Working,  Adjustments and  Repair & Maintenance - Groundnut pod  stripper: Components, Working- Chaff cutters - Manual and  power operated  plant protection  machinery: Components, Working,  Calibration.  Adjustments and  Repair & Maintenance - Tractor: history,  classification and  components.  Power transmission.  Break  and  Hydraulic systems.  Tractor and  Power tillers operation. Repair and periodical maintenance.

UNIT VII: AGRICULTURAL STRUCTURES & PROCESS ENGINEERING

Crop  processing  - Cleaning,  grading,  sorting,  drying  milling  including  size reduction,  extraction, distillation,  centrifugal separation  of various crops like cereals,  pulses,  oilseeds,  etc.,  Minimize post harvest losses by value addition to the agricultural produce - Various process technologies for cereals,  pulses,  oilseeds and  their conveying  and  elevating  equipment - Threshing,  winnowing, rice milling equipments and various process technologies for cereals, pulses, oilseeds.

Greenhouses(GH): Introduction,  Classification  -Plant response to  GH environment -Planning  of GH facility- GH Ventilation systems in summer and winter- GH Structural and covering materials -Design  criteria and  construction  of pipe framed  GH- Greenhouse heating  & energy  storage and irrigation systems-Greenhouse utilization in off season - Economics of greenhouse production.

Farmstead: Definition and constitution. Various types Planning and layout - Dairy bams - Poultry housing - Sheep and goat housing - Construction of farm buildings -Building materials - Quantity survey  - Design  of storage structures - Farm fencing  - Farm roads - Design  and  construction  of threshing yard.

UNIT VIH: AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES & COMPUTER BASICS

Development of Agriculture in  India,  Agro  climatic zones in  Telangana State - Monsoons. Seasons,  seasonal crops of Telangana State.  Sustainable Agriculture and  Organic farming. Fertilizers - Dryland  Agriculture - Soil structure - Bulk  density  - Soil waler movement. Agricultural production  economics in  Telangana State: Definition,  objectives of production economics,  nature & scope and  subject matter of agricultural production  economics.  Relationship with  other sciences.  Agricultural marketing.  Market functions.  Agro-based  industries.  Economic principles applied  to  the organization  of farm business.  Audio-visual aids & other extension methods and through effective communication skills for organizing meetings effectively.

Computer, Advantages and disadvantages, computer system components and their functions - MS Word, MS Excel. Power Point menu bars and Internet applications.

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